The role of pinnae‐based spectral cues was investigated by requiring listeners to locate sound, binaurally, in the horizontal plane with and without partial occlusion of their external ears. The main finding was that the high frequencies were necessary for optimal performance. When the stimulus contained the higher audio frequencies, e.g., broadband and 4.0‐kHz high‐pass noise, localization accuracy was significantly superior to that recorded for stimuli consisting only of the lower frequencies (4.0‐ and 1.0‐kHz low‐pass noise). This finding was attributed to the influence of the spectral cues furnished by the pinnae, for when the stimulus composition included high frequencies, pinnae occlusion resulted in a marked decline in localization accuracy. Numerous front–rear reversals occurred. Moreover, the ability to distinguish among sounds originating within the same quadrant also suffered. Performance proficiency for the low‐pass stimuli was not further degraded under conditions of pinnae occlusion. In locating the 4.0‐kHz high‐pass noise when both, neither, or only one ear was occluded, the data demonstrated unequivocally that the pinna‐based cues of the ‘‘near’’ ear contributed powerfully toward localization accuracy.