Temporary threshold shifts (TTS), induced by recordings of aircraft noise, road traffic noise, and interior railroad car noise, were examined to estimate the auditory effects of these typical environmental noises. The aircraft noise used was of a Boeing 747 landing, recorded adjacent to the end of a runway. Six hours of binaural exposure to the noise, presented every 2 min at a maximum A‐weighted level of 97 dB (slow response), developed a TTS2 at 4 kHz of 1.0±2.7 (SD) dB as the mean value for the 57 better ears of 19 subjects on three successive days. The road traffic noise was recorded on a road where traffic volume was 49.5 (26.8 heavy) vehicles per min, and the interior railroad car noise was in a car commonly utilized for commuting. These two noises, reproduced with duty cycles of 4 min 7 s and 3 min 4 s, respectively, induced, after 6 h of exposure, a TTS0.5 at 1.5 kHz and a TTS2 at 4 kHz of almost the same degree at each sound level (A weighted) of 75, 85, and 90 dB, in L50. The TTS0.5 were 0.5, 2 and 3 dB, and the TTS2 were −0.5, 3.5, and 5.5 dB, on the average, for the better ears of three to four persons, which indicates especially that 75 dB for the road traffic noise and 70 dB for the interior railroad car noise are the maximum sound levels which may fail to develop significant TTS even at 4 kHz. The present results lead to the conclusion that affected populations may have TTS induced by road traffic noise but that little effect is likely due to aircraft noise or interior railroad car noise.