Chalk sphere and cylinder resonance frequencies related to compressional and bending modes were detected in water, using vibro-acoustography, a relatively new imaging technique. The variable (radiation) force of low-frequency excitation, produced by intersecting two primary focused ultrasound waves with slightly different frequencies, forces the object to vibrate. The low-frequency acoustic emission field, resulting from object vibration, was detected by a hydrophone. By fixing the object at the focus of the ultrasound beam and sweeping the frequency of one of the primary beams within a chosen bandwidth, it was possible to detect some of the resonance frequencies (those related to compressional and bending modes) via variations in acoustic emission amplitude. Experimental results showed excellent agreement with finite element calculations. This method can be used to characterize the presence of heterogeneities in various media, in the field of materials science or biology. © 2003 Acoustical Society of America.